The uterus (also known as the womb), situated between the bladder and the rectum, is an inverted pear-shaped muscular organ of the female reproductive system which bears the responsibility for the implantation of embryo and the development of fetus during pregnancy. The fist-sized uterus can expand to accommodate a full term baby as well as propel him out of the body as it keeps incredibly ability to extension and contraction. The structure of the uterus primarily consists of fundus of the uterus, corpus of the uterus and the cervix. The cervix works as a sphincter muscle controlling the flow of material into and out of the uterus, which connects to the vagina. The perimetrium, myometrium, and endometrium layer are three distinct tissue layers of the uterus wall. Disorders related to the uterus are common in clinical diagnosis such as infections, benign and malignant tumors. A variety of target molecules expressed on the uterus tissue are used for the detection of associated diseases.
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