|  

Liver Cancer

Fig.1 Liver cancer

Liver cancer, also named as primary hepatic cancer and hepatic cancer and is the cancer that originates in the liver. Primary liver cancer is the second leading cause of death from cancer (9%) and sixth most frequent cancer (6%) worldwide. Many cancers found in the liver are not really liver cancers, but are cancers from other parts in the body that have spread to the liver (also known as metastases). Cholangiocarcinoma is associated with weight loss, jaundice, sweating, abdominal pain and liver enlargement. And hepatocellular carcinoma is associated with weight loss, abdominal mass, abdominal pain, fever, emesis, anemia, back pain, jaundice and itching. Viral infection with either Hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) is the chief cause of liver cancer globally today, making up 80% of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). High levels of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in the blood can be found in many cases of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and HCC.